University of Agriculture in Krakow - Poland

Publishing House of the University of Agriculture in Krakow - Poland

Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Thomson Routers Master List

Index Copernicus Journal Master List

AGRO

AGRIS FAO

CAB Abstracts

Arianta

AGORA

EBSCO

ERIH PLUS

Issue 17 (3) 2018 pp. 89-99

Amanda Kosmowska1, Mirosław Żelazny1, Stanisław Małek2, Tomasz Stańczyk3

1 Department of Hydrology, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian University
2
Department of Forest Ecology and Reclamation, Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Krakow
3
Department of Environmental Improvment, Faculty of Civil and Environmetal Enineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences

IMPACT OF DEFORESTATION ON WATER CHEMISTRY IN THE WESTERN TATRAS AND BESKID ŚLĄSKI RANGE IN THE POLISH CARPATHIANS

Keywords: stream-water chemistry, deforestation, nitrate concentration, sulfate concentration
Abstract:

The article describes the research into the impact of deforestation on the values of physicochemical traits and chemical composition of waters which drain the catchments covered with forest, and those that have been deforested, in the western part of Polish Carpathians. The research was carried out in independent catchments in the Skrzyczne massif in the Beski Śląski (Silesian Beskidy Range) in 2013–2014, and in the Kościeliska Valley in the Western Tatras in 2015–2016. During field studies, water samples were collected monthly in catchments with various degrees of deforestation, and the physicochemical characteristics of water were measured (pH, PEW, Tw). In the laboratory, the chemical composition of water, specifically the content of 14 ions (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, NH4+, Li+, HCO3, SO42–, Cl, NO2, NO3, PO43–, Br, F), was determined by means of ion chromatography (DIONEX 2000). The conducted research has shown the impact of deforestation on the value of physical and chemical traits and chemical composition of water. Deforestation of the slopes caused changes in the structure of the chemical composition of water, especially in the area of correlations between anions. In the Tatras, in the basins deforested as a result of windfall, a significant increase in the proportion of NO3 (% mval ∙ dm–3) in the anionic element of the chemical composition of water was observed, and in the Beskid Śląski, in catchments deforested due to the tree stand decay associated with the imission of pollutants, a significant increase in SO42– (% mval ∙ dm–3) and a significant decrease in HCO3 (% mval ∙ dm–3) in the anionic structure of the chemical composition of waters was observed. These examples document the extremely important role played by forests, which cover mountain slopes, in the hydrochemical functioning of the catchment. In the spatial aspect, there is an unusual phenomenon of hydrochemical mosaicism consisting in the occurrence of different relationships between anions, especially hydrogen carbonates, sulphates and nitrates.

pub/17_3_89.pdf Full text available in in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.formatiocircumiectus.actapol.net/volume17/issue3/17_3_89.pdf

DOI: 10.15576/ASP.FC/2018.17.3.89

For citation:

MLA Kosmowska, Amanda, et al. "IMPACT OF DEFORESTATION ON WATER CHEMISTRY IN THE WESTERN TATRAS AND BESKID ŚLĄSKI RANGE IN THE POLISH CARPATHIANS." Acta Sci.Pol. Form. Cir. 17.3 (2018): 89-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.15576/ASP.FC/2018.17.3.89
APA (2018). . Acta Sci.Pol. Form. Cir. 17 (3), 89-99 http://dx.doi.org/10.15576/ASP.FC/2018.17.3.89
ISO 690 KOSMOWSKA, Amanda, et al. IMPACT OF DEFORESTATION ON WATER CHEMISTRY IN THE WESTERN TATRAS AND BESKID ŚLĄSKI RANGE IN THE POLISH CARPATHIANS. Acta Sci.Pol. Form. Cir., 2018, 17.3: 89-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.15576/ASP.FC/2018.17.3.89
EndNote BibTeX RefMan
Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.formatiocircumiectus.actapol.net/tom17/zeszyt3/abstrakt-89.html